Published: 15th September 2023
Tax residence has been on a statutory footing since 2013, so it’s usually easy to determine someone’s residence as long as they have kept accurate records of their visits to the UK, working patterns, and so on. It’s possible to remove or restrict one’s exposure to UK taxes by becoming non-resident, and this is a popular choice for people that look to retire overseas. This is generally uncontroversial, and cases where the plans fail tend to centre on the individual subsequently spending too much time in the UK. However, in Lord Sugar’s case there is no suggestion this happened.
Lord Sugar had relocated to Australia. Some time after this, he received a large dividend from a UK company. In general, UK income is still subject to UK income tax for non-residents, but the “disregarded income” rules mean that it’s possible to elect for the tax to be restricted to that deducted at source, i.e. £nil, in exchange for a loss of personal allowances and any double tax relief. On paper, this would appear to work. The problem is that MPs and peers are automatically deemed “resident, ordinarily resident and domiciled in the UK for the purposes of income tax, inheritance tax and capital gains tax”. The dividend was taxable in full, and Lord Sugar promptly paid the estimated £186 million.