Published: 3rd August 2023
In a recent announcement it was confirmed that changes will be made to simplify the collection/payment of the high income child benefit charge (HICBC). Currently, those liable to pay the charge must register for self-assessment and pay the HICBC through their tax return each year. There have been many tribunal cases concerning the HICBC recently, largely due to the lack of awareness of the rules despite them being introduced a decade ago. Those that failed to complete tax returns have been stung with penalties for not completing a tax return in addition to their HICBC arrears.
It is hoped that by collecting the charge (tax) via PAYE, the administration will be reduced for both HMRC and the taxpayer. Removing the requirement to complete a tax return will surely be welcomed, especially since it has been acknowledged that those who only pay taxes via PAYE are unlikely to be aware of their obligations. It does of course accelerate the payment of tax to HMRC too.
However, collecting tax for additional items via a PAYE code has never been a perfect system, with adjustments sometimes needed after the end of the tax year. For instance, an individual could be earning over £50,000 and in theory be subject to the HICBC, but, if they make gift aid donations or personal pension contributions, they may fall below the threshold. Without the benefit of a self-assessment tax return, the onus will be placed on the taxpayer to check that the PAYE deduction is in fact correct, and to contact HMRC for an adjustment.